history

The History of Punjab: Under the British Raj, 1849-1947

As the once-great Sikh empire declined after the death of its founder Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the 39 year-long golden age of Punjab soon vanished in merely less than 10 years under successive unstable rulers. The Anglo-Sikh wars officially put an…




The History of Punjab: the Mughals and the Dawn of Sikhism

The early modern period i.e. 16th-19th century has been one of the most remarkable and consequential eras in Punjab’s history. This magnificent time span witnessed the rise and establishment of Mughals in Punjab, the onset of Sikhism, and the path…


The History of Punjab: 712 CE-1526 CE

“Medieval Period”, the period between Punjab’s ancient history and its early modern history, brought to the state multiple dynasties of diverse origins such as Arab and  Iranian. Several significant eras occurred during this time period such as the Arab conquest,…


History of Punjab: 550 BCE – 185 BCE

The realm of Punjab has gone through various but equally significant eras. It is these eminent periods in its history, that have molded Punjab into what it is now. Early civilizations, foreign invasions, ancient Indian empires, Mughals, Sikh rule, colonialism,…


The History of Punjab: c.3300 – c. 1100 BCE

The first known documentation of the word “Punjab” is in the writings of Ibn Battuta, a Moroccan scholar, and explorer, who visited the region in the 14th century. In the second half of the 16th century too, many references to…